Turkey first applied in July 1959 for associated membership of the European Economic Community (EEC), established in 1958. The EEC reacted by proposing the creation of an association as a transitional measure leading to full membership. This gave rise to negotiations that culminated in the Ankara Agreement on 12 September 1963.  The Ankara Agreement was signed in Ankara on September 12, 1963.  The Agreement launched a three-stage process to establish a customs union to ensure Turkey`s full membership of the EEC. After its creation, the customs union would begin with the integration of the economic and trade policy that the EEC considered necessary. The Agreement establishing an Association between the Republic of Turkey and the European Economic Community (commonly known as the Ankara Agreement) (Turkish: Ankara Anlaşması) is a treaty signed in 1963 that provides the framework for cooperation between Turkey and the European Union (EU). Part of the agreement should be EEC financial assistance to Turkey, including loans of 175 million ECU for the period 1963-1970. The results have been mixed; EEC trade concessions to Turkey in the form of tariff quotas proved less effective than expected, but the EEC`s share of Turkish imports increased considerably during this period .
With the European Union replacing the EEC with the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty, the Ankara Agreement now governs relations between Turkey and the EU.   The Agreement, its Additional Protocol and the decisions of the Association Council are part of Community law. The Court of Justice of the European Communities has ruled that these Turkish nationals and companies grant specific rights which the Member States of the EEC are obliged to respect. An Association Council set up by the Agreement shall monitor its development and give the Agreement detailed effect by decision. The agreement aimed at the free movement of workers, branches and services, including virtually complete harmonization with the INTERNAL MARKET POLICY OF THE EEC. However, it excluded Turkey from any political position and to some extent excluded its referral to the Court of Justice of the European Communities on the settlement of disputes.  A Turkish national who works legally as an au pair or during her studies can be considered a worker.  In accordance with Article 6(1) of Decision 1/80 of the Association Council, Turkish nationals legally employed in an EEC Member State for a specified period of time have the right to remain in that State or to change jobs: In 1970, Turkey and the EEC agreed on an Additional Protocol to the Agreement. .
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